Because the honor code does not empower the people, and because the sharia does not empower the rulers, the only basis of civic government in the Middle East is the arbitrary edicts of the strong men. The law in the Middle East does not serve the interests of freedom.
"On the contrary, they merely add to the constraints of the holy law the rules of a political order that is backed by no de jure authority, but only by de facto power." (The West and the Rest: Globalization and the Terrorist Threat, Roger Scruton, 2002; somewhere between pages 102-118).
Hence change in these societies is always a crisis and always a power struggle.