Vice and addiction defeat character and replace it with duty and appetite run amok.
Vice and addiction are exogenous causes of behavior, in contradistinction to endogenous conduct that bespeaks the autonomous expression of a self-possessed identity.
Vice and addiction do not deserve to be punished. They need to be understood and pardoned.
In a world where crime is transformed into vice and addiction, justice as deservedness yields to justice as fairness, and human dignity is undermined.